The influence of environmental factors on the life of LED video wall

1. The influence of temperature on the life of LED video wall

The failure rate of any product during its service life and only under suitable working conditions is very low. As an integrated electronic product, the LED display is mainly composed of a control board, switching power supply, light-emitting devices, etc., which are connected with electronic components. composition, and the life of all of these is closely related to the operating temperature. If the actual working temperature exceeds the specified use range of the product, not only the service life will be shortened, but the product itself will also be seriously damaged.

2. The influence of dust on the life of LED display

To maximize the average lifespan of LED displays, the threat of dust cannot be ignored. When working in a dusty environment, since the printed board absorbs dust, the deposition of dust will affect the heat dissipation of electronic components, which will cause the temperature of the components to rise, and then the thermal stability will decrease or even cause leakage, which will lead to burnout in severe cases. . In addition, dust can absorb moisture, corrode electronic circuits, and cause short-circuit failures. Although the dust volume is small, the harm to the product cannot be underestimated. Therefore, it is necessary to clean up regularly to reduce the probability of failure. When cleaning the dust inside the display, remember to disconnect the power and operate with care.

3. The influence of humidity on the life of LED display

Although almost all LED displays can work normally in an environment with a humidity of 95%, humidity is still an important factor affecting product life. Moist gas will enter the inside of the IC device through the bonding surface of the packaging materials and components, causing the internal circuit to be oxidized and corroded, and the high temperature during the welding process will cause the moist gas entering the IC to be heated and expand to generate pressure, so that the plastic is removed from the IC. Internal separation (delamination) on the die or leadframe, wire bond damage, die damage, internal cracks and cracks extending to the component surface, or even component bulging and popping, aka “popcorn”, which will lead to assembly repair or even scrap. More importantly, those invisible and latent defects will be incorporated into the product, causing problems with the reliability of the product. Reliability improvements in humid environments include the use of moisture-proof materials, dehumidifiers, and protective coating covers.

4. The influence of corrosive gas on the life of LED video wall

Humidity and salty air environments can cause degradation of system performance as they exacerbate the effects of corrosion on metal components, as well as galvanic cells, especially when dissimilar metals come into contact. Another detrimental effect of moisture and salty air is the formation of films on the surfaces of non-metallic parts that degrade the insulating and dielectric properties of these materials, creating leak paths. Moisture absorption by insulating materials can also cause an increase in the material’s bulk conductivity and dissipation factor. Reliability improvements in humid and salty air environments include the use of hermetic seals, moisture barrier materials, dehumidifiers, protective coatings/covers, and reduction in the use of dissimilar metals.

5. The influence of electromagnetic radiation on the life of LED video wall

Interference of radio frequency radiation to electronic systems generally comes from two sources. One way is for electrical noise disturbances from the radiated field to run directly into the system. Experiments show that when the field strength reaches 5V/m, the system will definitely go wrong, and the electromagnetic interference is enough to change the value of the CPU program counter PC, causing the microcomputer to “jump out” of the executing program by mistake, especially for small signal circuits. The memory cannot work normally when the field strength is 15V/m. Another way of RF radiated interference is through the introduction of power supplies. The transmission line of the outer frame is equivalent to the receiving antenna, which introduces the radiation interference into the system. When the interference is serious, the power supply of the system itself can be burned.

6. The influence of vibration on the life of LED display

Electronic equipment is often subjected to environmental shock and vibration during normal use and testing. This environment can cause physical damage to components and structural parts when the mechanical stress caused by the resulting deflection exceeds the allowable working stress of the component parts.

7. The influence of load on the life of LED display

Whether it is an integrated chip, an LED tube or a switching power supply, whether it works under the rated load or not, the load is also an important factor affecting the life. Because any component has a fatigue damage period, taking the power supply as an example, the brand power supply can output 105%~135% of the power, but if the power supply works under such a high load for a long time, it will inevitably accelerate the aging of the switching power supply. Of course, the switching power supply does not necessarily fail immediately, but it will rapidly reduce its life.

It can be seen from the influence of various environmental factors above on product reliability indicators that each environmental factor experienced by a product during its life cycle requires consideration in the design process. This ensures that sufficient environmental strength is incorporated into the reliability design. Of course, improving the use environment of the product and regular maintenance of the product can not only eliminate hidden troubles in time, but also help improve the reliability of the product and prolong the average life of the product.

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